Scientists believe the gene that causes red hair could die out if temperatures continue to Rise according to genetic scientists Redheads are becoming rarer and could be extinct in 100 years’ time.
Polar bears and Emperor penguins aren’t the only species under threat due to climate change.
Scientists believe the gene that causes red hair is an evolutionary response to cloudy skies and allows inhabitants to get as much Vitamin D as possible.
But if predictions of rising temperatures and blazing sunshine across the British Isles turn out to be correct, flaming red heads could cease to exist within centuries.
While only 1% to 2% of the world’s population are ginger, in the north of the UK, where the weather tends to be more gloomy, this number is much higher.
In Scotland 650,000 (about 13% of the population) have red hair and, according to a study carried out last year, 40% of those living in Edinburgh are thought to carry the red hair/blue eye gene.
In the North and West of the UK, 29% of the population are believed to have the gene.
Red hair is caused by a mutation in the MC1R gene. It’s also a recessive trait, so it takes both parents passing on a mutated version of the MC1R gene to produce a redheaded child. Because it’s a recessive trait, red hair can easily skip a generation. It can then reappear after skipping one or more generations if both parents, no matter their hair color, carry the red hair gene.
“I think the reason for light skin and red hair is that we do not get enough sun and we have to get all the Vitamin D we can.
“If the climate is changing and it is to become more cloudy or less cloudy then this will affect the gene.
“If it was to get less cloudy and there was more sun, then yes, there would be fewer people carrying the gene.”
Another leading scientist, who asked not to be named because of the theoretical nature of the work, said: “I think the regressive gene is slowly dying out. Red hair and blue eyes are not adapted to a warm climate.
“It is just a theory but the recessive gene may likely be lost. The recessive gene could be in danger.”
The MG Metro 6R4 was Austin-Rover’s entry into Group B, the controversial rallying category that gave us a series of spectacular cars before being banned at the end of 1986.
As far as Austin Rover and its parent company BL were concerned, 1981 had marked a considerable change in the attitudes of company executives and dealer principals across the land. It was in this climate of optimism that the then Austin Rover Motorsport chief John Davenport hatched a plan. Davenport approached Williams F1, whom AR also sponsored, and subsequently Patrick Head would become project leader;
‘We turned the whole thing round with the engine at the back, the gearbox ahead of it with drive to both the front and rear wheels. We presented the concept to Rover and they said “This is great”, pushed the “go” button and off we went with the project. We finished it in about a year, delivered three prototypes to Rover in about November 1981 – six months’ development with Williams’ assistance.’
The MG Metro 6R4 (i.e. 6 cylinder, Rear engine, 4-wheel-drive) made its first public appearance at the end of February 1984 in a hastily prepared press launch at the Excelsior Hotel, London Airport. The reason for this was that press speculation was mounting – and, in order to undergo a full development programme, Austin Rover could do without the added hassle of playing hide and seek with scoop photographers.
The rest of 1984 was used to finalise the 6R4: a final engine needed to be developed and the aero package also needed more work.
The Rover V8 engine of the development car was replaced by the specially-designed and built four-cam, 24-valve, normally aspirated 3-litre V6. The power output was quoted at 410bhp at 9000rpm at the car’s official launch in May, 1985 – and it was promised that this would soon be improved upon. The aero package was modified and took the rulebook to the extreme, stretching the credibility of the ‘silhouette racer’ ideal to breaking point. However, that did reflect the-then current Group B thinking also followed by Peugeot 205T16 and Lancia Delta S4 – looking back at it now, it is easy to see that the cars were becoming completely over the top for the task in hand.
Pete Goodman Engine, Lyle Armstrong Drivetrain, Corsica stage Suspension from original ARM settings sheet, Lucas ECU, 5 speed dog engaged manual gearbox with 4WD, Viscous centre coupling, Prop shaft drive to front differential (quill shaft drive to rear), Fully articulating drive shafts, Carbon dash, Motordrive bucket seats with Sabelt 6 point harnesses, Integrated Roll Cage, Halda Road computer, MOMO wheel.
Liveries breed legends and Computervision can only be associated with one vehicle – The Mighty Metro 6R4 by Austin Rover Motorsport. Splitter, front and rear wings compliment impossibly wide arches; the de-facto Group B costume forming an almost caricature shape. One aspect not immediately obvious are the strakes on the front wings, guiding air towards the significant intakes that cool the mid mounted V6.
Considering such a car is designed for all action all the time, the paintwork and finish is pleasingly consistent throughout with no evidence of misuse
Stepping over the huge side sills and door bars is an effort in itself before you are snuggly pinched by Motordrive bucket seats, strapped by 6 point Sabelt Harnesses. With a myriad of switches and toggles the feeling is one more reminiscent of an 80’s music studio, although in this case the band is playing right behind you.
The only memory of Metro can be channelled by the map line of the (now carbon) dashboard and the OEM gear knob. The Halda road computer and Bosch comms system have been well preserved and provide an undisputedly authentic feel.
ENGINE & TRANSMISSION
The engine note is of legendary status; one can only imagine the emotion of the guttural Cosworth derived V6 reverberating between the tress before drifting into view in a flash of gravel and dirt with rally pods ablaze.
Commissioned for rebuild by Goodmans Engineering in 2017 the Works 3.0l engine ( with period Lucas Injection and loom by ex Works Adrian Butt) has completed just a handful of laps at Croft circuit for shakedown, while marque expert Lyle Armstrong has installed a fresh zero hour gearbox with overhauled differentials. A Tony Law exhaust ensures the car sounds at it’s best.
The correct semi – dog box is in situ, with a split gearbox bell housing also provided upon sale.
WHEELS, TYRES & BRAKES
No rally icon is complete without a signature wheel to compliment the design. The die-cast Dymag magnesium wheels look just right in the arches of the blistered bodywork, wrapped in Pirelli Classico P7 Corsa rubber.
Brakes are 4 piston AP’s all round; dual circuit with adjustable bias. Having been overhauled the braking system is in perfect working order.
Bespoke Suspension has been derived from official Austin Rover Motorsport settings. Optimised for Circuit / Sprint work ( caster / ride height ) bespoke Faulkner springs have been matched to Bilstein dampers; fully corner weighted and Hunter Hawker aligned by Mike Hope of Wooler with camber and toe adjusted to the ARM Corsica rally spec sheet. All original ‘Pink’ springs are supplied with the car.
First registered on 19th November 1985, C874 EUD has been the subject of a painstaking 10 year restoration with ex ARM Works staff involved throughout. The body has been prepared by Rodney Lyne and finished by Chillingham Classics while Pete Goodman has masterminded the engine and final ECU configuration. The revered Lyle Armstrong is responsible for all matters gearbox and differential.
As one of the last Works cars produced this example was destined for life as a cold weather development vehicle, with the likes of rally legends Pond & Wilson utilising EUD as a recce / pre-drive car. The car is also well known to the 6R4.net community and in particular Dan Ellmore who confirms purchase from original engineers, the pre-drive / IT car status and this car to be one of the 9 Works cars left in existence.
The Original Registration doc and both the RAC Competition car log book and record of vehicle ownership are present while a surfeit of RAC entry / scrutineering logs cover the cars competition history – reaching it’s pinnacle as winner of the Scottish National Rally championship in 1990.
Following the death of Group B, the 6R4 went on to dominate national events for the next 25 years. In this respect it became the most successful Group B rally car ever. With many marque experts and spare parts readily available, running a Group B car has never been easier or more affordable.
The car is in zero mile ‘matchbox’ condition and as such is ready for a new owner to make their own chapter in history as Group B has come of age for the car collector.
Bruce Lee vs. Wong Jack Man is perhaps the most famous fight in martial arts history, yet the matchup between the cultural icon and Kung-Fu master remains shrouded in lore and mystery.
San Francisco’s Chinatown in the early 1960s was something of a mecca for young martial artists looking to be at the forefront of the fighting culture. The burgeoning martial arts community served as a formative teaching ground for many artists on the cutting edge of martial arts.
The fighting culture in the Bay Area was so attractive that a young Bruce Lee decided to move from Seattle to Oakland to open his second Jun Fan martial arts studio. Wong Jack Man was also a popular and well-respected martial artist at that same time. He was the owner of the Jun Fan Gung Institute where he taught Wing Chun.
However, sometime in 1964, Bruce Lee and Wong Jack Man found themselves at opposing ends of the San Francisco martial arts world. Some rumors say the disagreement between the two sprung from the fact that Lee’s Oakland studio attracted a rather large number of non-Chinese students and Wong was opposed to teaching martial arts of white people. So he proposed a fight with Lee with the ultimatum that, should Lee lose, he would have to close down his studio.
Some others claim that Lee is the one who had issued a challenge to Wong by claiming he could beat any martial artist in San Francisco, and he was only requesting a fight in response to Lee’s boasting. Wong wanted the fight to be public, but, after Lee refused, the two men agreed to a private challenge at Lee’s school with only a handful of people in attendance.
While various accounts place between seven to fifteen people at the fight, only three attendees could ever be confirmed: Lee’s wife Linda, his studio associate James Lee, and William Chen, a local Tai Chi instructor.
However, because the fight happened behind closed doors, there are several contradicting accounts of what really happened. According to Linda’s version of Bruce Lee vs. Wong Jack Man, Lee won the fight within five minutes:
“The two came out, bowed formally and then began to fight. Wong adopted a classic stance whereas Bruce, who at the time was still using his Wing Chun style, produced a series of straight punches. Within a minute, Wong’s men were trying to stop the fight as Bruce began to warm to his task. James Lee warned them to let the fight continue.
A minute later, with Bruce continuing the attack in earnest, Wong began to backpedal as fast as he could. For an instant, indeed, the scrap threatened to degenerate into a farce as Wong actually turned and ran. But Bruce pounced on him like a springing leopard and brought him to the floor where he began pounding him into a state of demoralization. ‘Is that enough?’ shouted Bruce, ‘That’s enough!’ pleaded his adversary. Bruce demanded a second reply to his question to make sure that he understood this was the end of the fight.”
Wong, however, recounted a different version of events. In his account, he stated that Lee came out as aggressively as a “wild bull.” He was sure Lee “would never say he lost until you killed him,” so Wong chose to fight mostly defensively, not wanting to face the consequences of a life-threatening fight. He claimed that the fight lasted at least 20 minutes and petered out as a result of Lee becoming winded, rather than either one of them delivering a definitive fight-ending blow.
William Chen, who favors a more traditional fighting style and martial art, regarded the Bruce Lee vs. Wong Jack Man fight as a tie. In a version more closely aligned with Wong’s account than with Linda’s, he also recalled Lee’s aggressive nature in the fight, compared to Wong’s more restrained style. He agreed that the fight lasted around 20 to 25 minutes, and definitely did not end with Wong pleading for relief.
Although the real events of a Bruce Lee vs. Wong Jack Man will always remain a controversial mystery to everyone except the handful of eyewitnesses, most people agree that it had a large impact on Lee. Victory or not, the fight served as a catalyst for the icon to reform his entire approach to fighting and led him to develop his own more practical style, Jeet Kune Do, which combined elements of wing chun, taekwondo, wrestling, fencing, and Western boxing.
In an interview with Black Belt Magazine, Lee recounted the fight without naming Wong explicitly
“I’d gotten into a fight in San Francisco (a reference, no doubt, to the Bay Area rather than the city) with a Kung-Fu cat, and after a brief encounter the son-of-a-bitch started to run. I chased him and, like a fool, kept punching him behind his head and back. Soon my fists began to swell from hitting his hard head. Right then I realized Wing Chun was not too practical and began to alter my way of fighting.”
Most booze lovers would be quite open to trying different craft beers – and there are many to choose from these days.
But even the most adventurous of beer drinkers might have a hard time getting their head around this one, made from bacteria harvested from vaginas.
Although this sounds like a joke, rest assured it is not…in fact, this company is not the first company to try and market a food product that had the essence of vagina! However, we believe this is the first time we have ever come across anything that we were asked to eat or drink that includes the woman’s “juice” as an active ingredient in the product!
The name of the beer is The Order of Yoni. Wojtek Mann, the founder of the company explains that the word “yoni” means “vagina” in the Sanskrit language and the logo/artwork associated with the beer is also the symbol of a Hindu Goddess.
As you can imagine things only get weirder when you learn more about a vagina flavored beer.
The creators behind ‘Bottled Instinct’ decided that they wanted to capture the essence of a woman (‘her charm, her sensuality, her passion… her taste, feel her smell… her voice’) and turn it into a drink.
The Order of Yoni’s website reads: “The secret of the beer lies in her vagina.
“Using hi-tech of microbiology, we isolate, examine and prepare lactic acid bacteria from vagina of a unique woman.
“The bacteria, lactobacillus, transfer woman’s features, allure, grace, glamour, and her instincts into beers and other products, turning them into dance with lovely goddess.”
In 1895, in the Indian Territory that became Oklahoma, a teenage gang of black and mixed-raced boys went on a two-week spree of committing horrible crimes against white settlers.
Named for their leader, 18-year-old Rufus Buck, the gang had a total of five members. Sam Sampson and Maoma July were both Creek Indians. The brothers Lewis and Lucky Davis were Creek freedmen. Buck was the son of a black woman and Creek Indian father. All of them had been apprehended on minor offenses and served time in the Fort Smith jail prior to their crime spree that summer. The rumored cause for the spree was that Buck “boasted that his outfit would make a record that would sweep all the other gangs of the territory into insignificance.”The gang began building up a small stockpile of weapons while staying in Okmulgee, Oklahoma.
It started on July 28, 1895, when they shot and killed Deputy Marshal John Garrett near Okmulgee. On their way from that murder, they abducted and raped a Mrs. Wilson. They killed Gus Chambers when he resisted the gang’s theft of his horses. They then robbed a stockman, taking his clothing and boots and fired at him as he fled naked. Two days later the gang raped Rosetta Hansen while they held her husband at bay with Winchesters.
The gang was finally apprehended, brought to Fort Smith and convicted in a rape trial. The case was appealed to the Supreme Court which upheld the verdict, and the gang was to die together. They were hanged on July 1, 1896 at 1 pm at Fort Smith
Rufus Buck [Founder – 1895-1896] 07/01/1896) – Hanged, Ft. Smith, AR
Lewis Davis [member – 1895-1896] 07/01/1896) – Hanged, Ft. Smith, AR
Lukey Davis [member – 1895-1896] 07/01/1896) – Hanged, Ft. Smith, AR
Maoma July [member – 1895-1896] 07/01/1896) – Hanged, Ft. Smith, AR
Sam Sampson [member – 1895-1896] 07/01/1896) – Hanged, Ft. Smith, AR
Most men hanged in Fort Smith spent the morning of their executions deep in prayer or saying goodbye to friends and family. At least one member of the Buck Gang had more pressing concerns on his mind. That morning the execution was set for one in the afternoon. Immediately, Lucky Davis, a gang member, objected, saying he wanted to be hanged at ten in the morning so his body could be taken home on the “Cannon Ball” at 11:30. “Rufus Buck [then] said that if he were hanged at an early hour he would subjected to the inconvenience of several hours delay” before his body started home, and this would annoy him. Rufus and the three other gang members, including Lucky’s brother, sided together against him. Finally the gang decided to allow Marshal Crump to determine the time, which he set for one o’clock. At that point Lucky suggested that he might be hanged by himself, but Crump refused.
The execution proceeded at one o’clock with little incident. The Buck Gang were the only men to die on the gallows in Fort Smith for rape.
Timeline for the Rufus Buck Gang (1895 1896)
In the end, there were four killings and numerous incidents.
Exact dates are a bit hard to come by, but here is the essence of their 13-day reign of terror…
07/30/1895 – U.S. Deputy Marshal John Garrett, Killed
07/31/1895 – rape and robbery
Ben Callahan beating; the gang taking Callahan’s boots, money, and saddle
Killing of a negro boy walking on the road
Killing travelers for their horse and property
Robbing of the Country Stores of West and J. Norrberg at Orket, Oklahoma
08/04/1895 – rapes involving the death of some victims
08/08/1895 – capture of the gang by an Indian-White posse
07/01/1896) – All hanged together at Ft. Smith, AR
Alcatraz is known worldwide for being the most secure prison on the face of the earth. It was deemed impossible to escape from since its opening in 1868. Over the years, around 36 inmates had attempted to escape in the past, but none had actually survived the venture. However, this all changed on June 1962, when a group of three men plunged into the Watters of the San Fransisco Bay on their route to escape a prison referred to as, “The Rock”. Here’s how this seemingly impossible task occurred and here are the three masterminds behind the escape. You’ll be surprised to find some facts that were left out by the film based on this occurrence.
1.Frank Lee Morris
Frank Lee Morris was known as a mastermind. He can only be described as cunning, skilled, and highly intelligent. He was orphaned by the age of 11, and so he jumped from foster home to foster home and learned to be independent and take care of himself. Along with those skills, Morris was also known to be a troublemaker, being convicted of his first crime at the age of 13. It seemed that he had been destined for greatness, but not in the way everyone expected. His name went down in history for being the ringleader of the Great Escape from Alcatraz.
2.Not His First Rodeo
As an adult, Frank Lee Morris served prison time in multiple states, and he eventually landed in the Louisiana State Penitentiary, known as “Alcatraz of the South.” Although the name sounds daunting, it seems that Morris wasn’t frightened of this nickname in the least, in fact Morris had something quite impressive in store for them. Frank lee Morris was serving 10 years in prison for bank robbery and then did the unimaginable, he managed to escape! Morris was on the run for a year until he was caught while committing robbery…..again. It was decided that the crook would be sent to a prison with higher security, Alcatraz.
With any good escape or plan, you need a team. While in Alcatraz, Frank Lee Morris found a team. The team consisted of two brothers named John and Clarence Anglin, and a man known as Allen West. The brothers had been born in Georgia and their family had moved to Florida for work. The parents of the brothers were seasonal farm workers, going wherever they were needed. Every June, the entire family made up of 13 children would go north for cherry picking.
4.The Anglin Brothers Bond
John and Clarence Anglin were described to be “thick as thieves” while growing up, and even more so as they got older. Their family would go north for cherry-picking season, occasionally going as far north as Michigan. It was during these times that the brothers would swim in the waters of Lake Michigan and were described to be very skilled swimmers. Looks like this skill would certainly come in handy for the duo. As adults, they began robbing banks together until they were finally caught and arrested for robbery in 1956.
5. The Group Forms
During their time at Atlanta Penitentiary, the Anglin brothers tried to escape prison numerous times, resulting in them being sent to Alcatraz. It was there that they met Frank Lee Morris, described as the mastermind behind the group. Together, along with another inmate named Allen West, the group of four had amassed a lot of experience in escaping prison. It was from there that they began hatching a plan to pull off the impossible feat of escaping from “The Rock.”
6. The Plan
The escape plan was simple, but the means to do it seemed impossible and it required the coordination of an entire team to pull off. It wasn’t the first time prisoners had attempted to escape from Alcatraz before, but this would be different. None of the other inmates had successfully pulled off the plans, and out of the dozens that attempted to escape, 23 were caught, six were shot, two drowned and another two are listed as “missing or presumed drowned.”
7. It Begins
All four of the members of the group had served time at the Atlanta Penitentiary, so it might be possible that all of them knew each other from there. It is known that John and Clarence Anglin knew Frank Lee Morris from Atlanta. The four men had cells right near each other during their time in Alcatraz, and they had plenty of time to devise a master plan to get out of Dodge. The plan would take all the courage the members could muster along with any resource they could get their hands on.
8. Collecting The Resources
Luckily enough, Alcatraz wasn’t just a prison, it was a factory as well. The inmates worked and so there was a substantial amount of resources around. The prison served the US military to make furniture, clothes and shoes. The group of four was also lucky because they were among the very few criminals in Alcatraz that were incarcerated for non-violent crimes. This meant that they were a bit more under the radar and the prison guards didn’t pay much attention to them.
9. The Items
The gang began to put their plan into action. The plan was extremely complex and even ingenious. Not only were they going to escape and do the impossible, they were also going to leave behind human-like dummies. They would also have to think of a way to get off the island once they were out of the prison and avoid any guards. Any attempt to escape would be met with bullets.
10. The Decoys
The team members were all in charge of their own responsibilities. The Anglin brothers were in charge of making dummy heads to leave behind in the gang’s empty beds. They created these heads out of soap wax, toilet paper, and real human hair that was stolen from the barber shop in Alcatraz. Morris was in charge of creating an accordion-like-vessel to inflate the raft and life vests.
11. The Dig
The team had to make tools to dig out of their cells and unscrew the bolts on the vents. They were able to make picks and wrenches out of items such as spoons from the cafeteria and wood from the workshop. From 5:30 PM until 9 PM everyday they would work at chipping away holes large enough to crawl through. They took out the vents in their cells, and then used the picks to chisel the holes larger.
12. Good News
Luckily for the gang, the prison was already old and crumbling in many ways. Saltwater ran through the pipes for showering and washing dishes which ended up destroying the pipes and leaked into the prison walls. Over time, the salt water eroded the cement, making it crumble. The water was also a bit warm so that the prisoners wouldn’t get used to the freezing water like the kind in the San Francisco Bay.
13. The Noise
Morris would play the accordion when possible and the noise was enough to cover up the sound of chipping away at cement. Behind the cells, was an unguarded utility corridor with pipes running up and down.
14. A Jungle Gym
The utility corridor can basically be described as an unguarded jungle gym. If they could get their cells wide enough, they would be able to climb up three floors to the roof. Once they get to the top, they would have to get one of the large shafts open to get onto the roof. They found that many of the shafts were cemented shut, but they eventually were able to get one open using their wrench.
15. The Big Squeeze
By the time May of 1962 came around, both of the Anglin brothers and Morris had broken through the walls in their cells.The holes were big enough for them to squeeze their bodies through, which was all they needed. They made a raft and life vests by gluing and stitching raincoats together. They used over 50 raincoats to create the items, which were absolutely necessary.
16. The Signal
Since everything was ready, all they needed to wait for was Allen West to finish his escape hole and the entire gang would be ready to go at any moment. However, when the signal came, the plan didn’t exactly work out as they thought.On June 11th, 1962, Allen West gave the signal to the other members that he had dug his hole large enough to make through.
17. The Plan Sets Into Action
After lights out that same day, the gang set their plan to escape into action. There was concern whether any of them would make it out alive. They were prepared to do anything to get out, even if it meant risking their lives. After the light went out that night, they moved their decoys and get out of their cells.
18. The Plan Goes Awry
Although the Anglin brothers and Morris got out of their cells easily, it seemed that Allen West was having some difficulty. Although he informed the group that his hole was big enough to get out, he seemed to misjudge the size and ease of making the hole bigger. Although Frank Lee Morris tried to help West, the cement didn’t seem to budge. At 9:30 PM, Morris asked for West to pass him a glass of water. They then came to the conclusion that West had to be left behind.
19. One Left Behind
Although leaving a member behind was not an easy decision, the group wasn’t left with many options. They couldn’t make too much noise trying to widen the hole in West’s cell, because it would have drawn attention of the guards. It also might’ve helped since with one less person, the raft would’ve been significantly lighter. The group of three men then started their climb up 30 feet of plumbing in the utility corridor.
The three made it to the cell house roof rather easily and they continued to cross at least 100 feet of rooftop and then started their descent. The three climbed down 50 feet of piping on the side of the building to the ground.They landed on the ground close to the shower area and were able to sneak past the guards. They managed to outsmart the guards and made their way to shore where they stopped to inflate their raft and vests.
21. The Alarm
This was thee last time anyone ever saw Frank Lee Morris, John or Clarence Anglin again. They set off on their raft at 11:30 at night and weren’t discovered to be missing until the next morning. The next morning, the residents of Alcatraz were woken up to blaring sirens, and many of them were confused.
22. Finally Free
Allen West had been left behind, but he hadn’t given up. He continued to work on getting the hole in his cell large enough to squeeze through, and once he did he went on to follow the other three. He climbed to the rooftop but when he got there, the others had already left. He had a decision whether to swim to safety, which could kill him, or go back to his cell.
Allen West returned to his cell and waited until the morning. West cooperated with the authorities and told them everything that had happened. According to him, the others were headed to Angel Island and once there they planned on stealing a car, some clothes and then separating.
24. The Issue
The issue with this statement was that no such car robbery had been reported in the area. They figured the three had either landed somewhere else, or Morris and the brothers never made it. West also told authorities that the whole scheme had been his idea and that he was the mastermind behind the escape. The FBI was called in and a formal investigation was opened up.
25. Freezing Waters
After searching the waters, no bodies were ever found, although personal belongings were found floating in the waters the next day. The temperature of the waters during the night got to be 50 to 54 degrees. Experts say that a human male could have survived around 20 minutes in the cold waters before body functions would begin to deteriorate.
26. A Cold Case
The FBI investigation closed in 1979, 17 years after the escape. The results were that the inmates likely drowned in the in the San Francisco Bay. Back in 2009, the Deputy US Marshal told NPR that, “there’s an active warrant, and the Marshals Service doesn’t give up looking for people.” Luckily enough, there was more to be heard from the people who managed to escape Alcatraz.
27. Calculating The Currents
About a month after the escape, a Norwegian freighter reported seeing a body 17 miles from the famous Golden Gate Bridge. It was said that the body had been wearing similar clothing to that of an Alcatraz prisoner. Unfortunately the report was filed late and the body was never found. In 2014, researches began to calculate that if they had left at midnight that night, the water currents would’ve actually worked in their favor, and they probably survived.
28. Christmas Card
In 2015, the History Channel created a documentary that presented audiences with more evidence that the brothers had successfully escaped. The family had received signed Christmas cards and the handwriting was confirmed to belong to the Anglin brothers. However, the date of delivery could not be determined. the Anlgin family also had a photograph of the two brothers taken I Brazil in 1975. When forensic experts analyzed the photo, they concluded that it was likely the brothers.
Another piece of evidence about the escape was a deathbed confession by one of the Anglin siblings, Robert. He confessed that he had been in contact with his two brothers from 1963 to 1987, but eventually lost contact with them.Members of the Anglin family have not tried to search for their missing siblings in Brazil because the case still remains an open investigation. If they were found, the punishment would be very severe.
30. Final Hint
To this day, it’s uncertain whether Frank Lee Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin survived the escape from Alcatraz but many seem to believe it is possible.In January 2018, the FBI was forced to reopen the investigation after the San Francisco Police Department received a letter. The letter said, “My name is John Anglin. I escaped from Alcatraz in June 1962 with my brother Clarence and Frank Morris. I’m 83 years old and in bad shape. I have cancer. Yes we all made it that night but barely!
For many, summer and drinking go hand-in-hand – it’s the season for pints in beer gardens and wine in the park.
The problem is, a lot of us are stuck ‘enjoying’ these drinks with red, puffy eyes and our noses streaming into our glasses, thanks to the ultimate killjoy, hay fever.
The seasoned hay fever sufferer will make sure they’re stocked up on anti-histamines way before pollen starts to fill the spring breeze, but what you might not know is how alcohol can affect hay fever, and which types are best for it.
How does alcohol affect hay fever?
It’s not actually the alcohol itself that affects your allergies, but rather different substances found in alcoholic drinks, containing histamine and sulphites, which cause the symptoms of hay fever.
According to Livestrong, histamine tightens lung muscles, relaxes muscles in blood vessels and speeds up muscle movement in the intestines, while also increasing mucus production and causing inflammation. Sound familiar?
High levels of histamine tend to be found in darker, fermented alcoholic drinks, like wine and beer, which means that for some sufferers as much as a few sips can bring on these symptoms.
Stay in the clear
While no alcohol is going to make your hay fever actively better, Asthma UK say there are drinks you can choose which will stop you from suffering more, namely clear alcohols like gin and vodka.
Gin does not naturally contain any sulphites, and many vodkas are also clear of them, meaning a G&T or a vodka lemonade might be your best bet for a rooftop tipple. Given gin and tonic is practically the perfect summer drink, we can’t really complain.
If you’re a champagne-loving hay fever sufferer, we’ve got some very bad news for you – there’s nothing as bad for your allergies in the world of food and drink than a glass of bubbly.
Champagne contains around 84mg of histamine per 125ml glass. When you compare that with the next worst, red wine, at 15mg for a large glass, you’ve got a pretty strong argument for saving the Moët for the winter months.
Beer varies significantly by type, but a typical lager is around 14mg, while white is significantly better for you.
Will food affect my hay fever too?
Unfortunately the answer here is yes. Tofu, sauerkraut and cured meats are all particularly high in histamine, as well as blue cheese and parmesan.
Canned fish, aubergine, citrus fruits and ketchup are also all worth avoiding if you’re a particularly bad sufferer.
How’s the pollen count this year?
Not to bombard you with yet more bad news but, well, here’s some more bad news: Professor Stephen Durham, a professor of Allergy and Respiratory Medicine at Imperial College London told LBC earlier today that we can expect a particularly rough year when it comes to sneezing our brains out through our noses.
“The tree pollen season is starting later this season after the cold spring delayed germination. The warm weather is going to bring on high pollen counts,” he said.
“It seems that there’s been a sudden burst due to the warm weather and we get this late germination and pollen release at once.”
Rather than simply being low in histamine, some foods are actually rich in antihistamines, which help to block or disrupt histamine receptors – this is why many people take antihistamine tablets for hayfever. Foods that are rich in flavonoids such as quercetin, vitamin C or beta-carotene can help to block histamine and reduce inflammation.
Our top anti-histamine foods include:
Garlic – this is a rich source of quercitin and helps to support the immune system
Ginger – this is a popular choice for reducing hayfever symptoms, whether as a tea or added to foods and smoothies
Onions – these are another good source of quercetin and vitamin C
Blueberries – this superfood is packed full of vitamin Cand quercetin
Nettle – you can buy this as a powder to add to smoothies or you could try nettle tea
A smoothie is a great way to get more of these natural anti-histamine foods into your diet. Try a delicious hayfever-blasting smoothie, containing blueberries, strawberries, honey and ginger.